# Introduction to R Training Course

## Primary tabs

## Course Code

## Duration

## Requirements

Good understanding of statistics.

## Overview

R is an open-source free programming language for statistical computing, data analysis, and graphics. R is used by a growing number of managers and data analysts inside corporations and academia. R has also found followers among statisticians, engineers and scientists without computer programming skills who find it easy to use. Its popularity is due to the increasing use of data mining for various goals such as set ad prices, find new drugs more quickly or fine-tune financial models. R has a wide variety of packages for data mining.

This course covers the manipulation of objects in R including reading data, accessing R packages, writing R functions, and making informative graphs. It includes analyzing data using common statistical models. The course teaches how to use the R software (http://www.r-project.org) both on a command line and in a graphical user interface (GUI).

## Course Outline

### Introduction and preliminaries

- Making R more friendly, R and available GUIs
- The R environment
- Related software and documentation
- R and statistics
- Using R interactively
- An introductory session
- Getting help with functions and features
- R commands, case sensitivity, etc.
- Recall and correction of previous commands
- Executing commands from or diverting output to a file
- Data permanency and removing objects

### Simple manipulations; numbers and vectors

- Vectors and assignment
- Vector arithmetic
- Generating regular sequences
- Logical vectors
- Missing values
- Character vectors
- Index vectors; selecting and modifying subsets of a data set
- Other types of objects

### Objects, their modes and attributes

- Intrinsic attributes: mode and length
- Changing the length of an object
- Getting and setting attributes
- The class of an object

### Ordered and unordered factors

- A specific example
- The function tapply() and ragged arrays
- Ordered factors

### Arrays and matrices

- Arrays
- Array indexing. Subsections of an array
- Index matrices
- The array() function
- Mixed vector and array arithmetic. The recycling rule

- The outer product of two arrays
- Generalized transpose of an array
- Matrix facilities
- Matrix multiplication
- Linear equations and inversion
- Eigenvalues and eigenvectors
- Singular value decomposition and determinants
- Least squares fitting and the QR decomposition

- Forming partitioned matrices, cbind() and rbind()
- The concatenation function, (), with arrays
- Frequency tables from factors

### Lists and data frames

- Lists
- Constructing and modifying lists
- Concatenating lists

- Data frames
- Making data frames
- attach() and detach()
- Working with data frames
- Attaching arbitrary lists
- Managing the search path

### Reading data from files

- The read.table()function
- The scan() function
- Accessing builtin datasets
- Loading data from other R packages

- Editing data

### Probability distributions

- R as a set of statistical tables
- Examining the distribution of a set of data
- One- and two-sample tests

### Grouping, loops and conditional execution

- Grouped expressions
- Control statements
- Conditional execution: if statements
- Repetitive execution: for loops, repeat and while

### Writing your own functions

- Simple examples
- Defining new binary operators
- Named arguments and defaults
- The '...' argument
- Assignments within functions
- More advanced examples
- Efficiency factors in block designs
- Dropping all names in a printed array
- Recursive numerical integration

- Scope
- Customizing the environment
- Classes, generic functions and object orientation

### Statistical models in R

- Defining statistical models; formulae
- Contrasts

- Linear models
- Generic functions for extracting model information
- Analysis of variance and model comparison
- ANOVA tables

- Updating fitted models
- Generalized linear models
- Families
- The glm() function

- Nonlinear least squares and maximum likelihood models
- Least squares
- Maximum likelihood

- Some non-standard models

### Graphical procedures

- High-level plotting commands
- The plot() function
- Displaying multivariate data
- Display graphics
- Arguments to high-level plotting functions

- Low-level plotting commands
- Mathematical annotation
- Hershey vector fonts

- Interacting with graphics
- Using graphics parameters
- Permanent changes: The par() function
- Temporary changes: Arguments to graphics functions

- Graphics parameters list
- Graphical elements
- Axes and tick marks
- Figure margins
- Multiple figure environment

- Device drivers
- PostScript diagrams for typeset documents
- Multiple graphics devices

- Dynamic graphics

### Packages

- Standard packages
- Contributed packages and CRAN
- Namespaces

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The more delegates, the greater the savings per delegate. Table reflects price per delegate and is used for illustration purposes only, actual prices may differ.

Number of Delegates | Public Classroom | Private Remote |
---|---|---|

1 | 6430EUR | 4280EUR |

2 | 3685EUR | 2560EUR |

3 | 2770EUR | 1987EUR |

4 | 2313EUR | 1700EUR |

Location | Date | Course Price [Remote/Classroom] |
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